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The Influence of Acupuncture from Chosun Dynasty on Japanese Acupuncture Bronze Men in Edo Period- Recently Acquired Dongin K-1, Dongin K-2, and Dongin K-3 are at the Core -
에도시대 동인에 나타난 조선 침구학의 영향-최근 입수한 동인 K-1과 동인 K-2, 동인 K-3를 중심으로-
Korean J Acupunct 2018;35:210-225
Published online December 27, 2018;
© 2018 Society for Meridian and Acupoint.

Sangwoo Ahn1 , Yunghwan Park2
안상우1, 박영환2

1Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 2Sijoong Korean Medicine Clinic
1한국한의학연구원, 2시중한의원
Correspondence to: Yunghwan Park
Sijoong Korean Medicine Clinic, 11-1 Jahamun-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03041, Korea
Tel: +82-2-736-3654, Fax: +82-2-736-3123, E-mail:
Received November 8, 2018; Revised December 7, 2018; Accepted December 7, 2018.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objective : This research is aimed to compare the three sets of Dongin(K-1, K-2, K-3) to Chosun and Chinese acupuncture bronze men, and through literature review of acupuncture points and meridians to see how acupuncture of Chosun affected the Japan’s acupuncture bronze men. 
Methods : Using 3D scanning, we compared the location of acupoints by the proportional bone measurement method of the three sets of Dongin to those of Chosun and China. We also compared the meridians and acupuncture points of the three sets of Dongin to Doningyosodo. 
Results : Dongin K-1 and K-2 have all the unique characteristics of ChimGuemDongIn. Their heads were made about 30% larger than the location of points by the proportional bone measurement method and their necks were shortened to get the right proportion. Their gender was not specified. Their hands were sticking forward, and knees were slightly bent, and the arms and legs were carefully crafted to record acupuncture points. Dongin K-1 and K-2 marked the meridians and acupuncture points according to Doningyosodo. In particular, BL39 in Dongin K-1 and K-2 has been marked as in ChimGeumDongIn, which is considered to have come from DongUiBoGam. These characteristics do not exist in Chinese acupuncture bronze men. The location of points by the proportional bone measurement method was marked on the right side of the Dongin K-3, while the eight extra meridians were marked on the left side. 
Conclusions : In summary, Dongin K-1 and K-2 indicate the Japanese history of acupuncture which may have influenced from Chosun.
Keywords: Dongin (Doningyo acupuncture bronze man), ChimGuemDongIn, BL39 (Wiyang), Korean medicine, medical history, DongUiBoGam

December 2018, 35 (4)
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