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Constitutionally individualized and practically integrated
characteristics of Korean Acupuncture
한국 침구의학의 체질관점과 실용적 통합치료
의학으로서의 특징
Korean J Acupunct 2006;23:19-27
Published online June 27, 2006
© 2006 Society for Meridian and Acupoint.

Chang-Shik Yin1, Youn-Byung Chae2,3, Hyeong-Gyun Koh4, Hye-Jung Lee2,3,
Sae-Il Chun5, Hi-Joon Park2,3
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives : Although Korean Acupuncture (KA) in Korean Medicine (KM) shares its origins with
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), it has made its own contribution to the field of acupuncture and
general medicine. This study reviews characteristics of KA.
Methods : Representative theories of KA were reviewed in light of a constitutionally individualized
and practically integrated approach. Individualized approach in KA is based on constitutional energy traits
recognized in Saam, Taegeuk, and Eight Constitution acupuncture theories. New practically integrated
therapeutic modalities, such as herbal, and bee venom acupunctures, have also been developed in KA.
Results : As a form of natural medicine, KA along with KM put emphasis on the vitality and
self-correcting mechanism of an individual, which led to the refinement of constitutional approach. KA
along with KM theories features a summarized understanding and practical application of integrated
therapeutics, which produced creative development of new modalities.
Conclusions : KA is expected to make significant contributions to the individualized and practical
medicine, based on basic research and clinical trials.
Keywords: Korean acupuncture, Saam acupuncture, Taegeuk acupuncture, Eight Constitution
acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, bee venom acupuncture

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