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An Overview of Pain Measurements
통증평가도구에 관한 고찰
Korean J Acupunct 2007;24:77-97
Published online June 27, 2007
© 2007 Society for Meridian and Acupoint.

Sung-Youn Shim1, Hi-Joon Park2.3, Jun-Mu Lee1, Hyang-Sook Lee1,3
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives : The aim of this study is to introduce pain measurement tools that are
considered suitable for clinical practice and research for Korean Medicine Doctors.
Methods : We analysed some widely used and also useful pain measurement tools in
terms of their methods and dimensions.
Results : Diagrams, scales and questions are usually used to measure pain intensity,
temporal pattern, treatment including exacerbating and/or relieving factors, pain
location, pain interference, pain quality, pain affect, pain duration, pain beliefs and pain
history. Specific pain measurements are also available for specific conditions such as
Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Oswestry Disability
Index and Neck Disability Index.
Conclusions : Faces Pain Rating Scale, numeric rating scale, visual analogue scale,
McGill Pain Questionnaire and Brief Pain Inventory and commonly used pain
measurements. Specific measurements should be considered depending on research topics.
Keywords: pain, pain measurement, numeric rating scale (NRS), visual analogue scale

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