search for


A Study of Acupuncture Contraindications in Uihakipmun
의학입문에 수록된 금침혈 연구
Korean J Acupunct 2019;36:150-161
Published online September 27, 2019;
© 2019 Society for Meridian and Acupoint.

Kwang-min Chai1 , Sunoh Kwon2 , Dong Hak Yoon3 , Seungtae Kim1

1Department of Korean Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, 2Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 3KyungHee YDH Oriental Clinic
1부산대학교 한의학전문대학원 한의학과, 2한국한의학연구원 한약연구부, 3경희윤동학한의원
Correspondence to: Seungtae Kim
Department of Korean Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, 49 Busandaehak-ro, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan 50612, Korea
Tel: +82-51-510-8473, Fax: +82-51-510-8437, E-mail:
Received August 14, 2019; Revised August 29, 2019; Accepted August 29, 2019.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives : The authors aimed at contributing to the safety of acupuncture in the clinic by analyzing the information of contraindicated acupoints described in Uihakipmun.
Methods : We investigated the contents related acupuncture contraindications in Uihakipmun, categorized the contraindicated acupoints by site and identified whether they can cause adverse events from the anatomical point of view.
Results : In Uihakipmun, 49 acupoints - BL6, BL8, BL9, ST1, SI18, BL1, BL2, TE18, TE19, TE20, GB1, GB3, GV22, GV24, ST12, ST9, TE16, GV6, BL15, BL30, CV17, LU2, GB22, SP16, CV8, CV9, CV15, KI11, ST30, SP11, BL56, GB32, GB33, GB42, LI13, HT2, TE8, GV17, GB18, EX-HN11, GB21, GV11, GV10, ST17, CV5, CV1, ST42, SP6, LI4 - were described as contraindicated acupoints. Among them, the contraindications induced by acupuncture treatment were described for just 5 acupoints. Anatomically, acupuncture stimulation at the contraindicated acupoints can cause organ, nerve or vessel damage near the acupoints. And the number of contraindicated acupoints in Uihakipmun was increased compared to those in Hwangjenaegyeong, Chimgugabeulgyeong, Bigeupcheongeumyobang, Donginsuhyeolchimgudogyeong and Chimgujasaenggyeong.
Conclusions : In Ming dynasty, the knowledge associated with adverse events on acupuncture was increased by the accumulation of medical knowledge. Acupuncture stimulation at the contraindicated acupoints described in Uihakipmun can cause tissue damage, therefore we should perform acupuncture procedure carefully to avoid adverse events when stimulating the contraindicated acupoints.
Keywords: acupoint, acupuncture, contraindications, adverse event, Uihakipmun

September 2019, 36 (3)
Full Text(PDF) Free

Cited By Articles
  • CrossRef (0)

Funding Information
Social Network Service