Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Fig. 4.

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Fig. 4. Changes of neurobiological mechanisms in the brain and spinal cord of pain-like behavior observed in depression model. Blue color represents neurotransmitters, red color represents oxidative stress related biomarkers. BDNF : brain-derived neurotrophic factor, ROS : reactive oxygen species, NA : noradrenaline, NOS : nitric oxide synthase, PDE4A : cAMP-specific 3’,5’-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4A, 5-HT : serotonin.
Korean J Acupunct 2021;38:75-99 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2021.010
© 2021 Korean J Acupunct