Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Treatment interventions and results on skin wrinkle in the included case series studies

Author
(year)
N Therapeutic technique Treatment area Result
Agata (2018)31) 17 MTS+L-ascrobic serum (20%) Cheek [Cheek] SF: 50%, SE: 15%, SH: 11%, SM:−10%
[Forehead] SF: −49%, SE: 49%, SH: 11%, SM: −9%
Lee (2018)32) 21 MTS+horse oil Crow’s feet Skin elasticiy: 3%, Dermal elasticity: 5%,
Dermal density: 12%, Skin moisture: 7%
Pudukadan (2017)44) 19 MTS+RF Face [Acne scar grade improvement]* 1 month: 57.9%, 3 months: 100%
Keplan (2016)45) 14 MTS+Skin tightening+FSR Face [GSA]* Above 50% improvement: 43%, 25∼50%: 18%, Less than 25%: 39%
Seok (2016)33) 6 MTS+Hyaluronic acid Face Hydration**: 26%, TEWL: 70%
Tanaka (2015)46) 20 MTS+RF+Electrode (NIMNRF) Face Volumetric reduction: 12.1 (ml)
Yuksel (2014)35) 10 MTS+Platelet-rich plasma Crow’s feet [DA] Skin firmness: significant difference, Wrinkle state, Pigmentation: no difference
Sung (2010)24) 10 Dermal stamp (0.8 mm) - Wrinkle: −15%, Pigmentation: −7%, Pole: −2%, SA: 7 of 10 people are satisfied
Kang (2018)10) 10 TEA - WD and WA: −30%, SR: −8%, Pole: −67%, SA: 70 of 100 score
Yun (2018)27) 3 TEA - Infra eye line: −17.75%, ML fold: −37.3%, NL fold: −44.53%, Marionette line: −53.35%, SA: 93% of patients were satisfied
Yun (2017)25) 14 TEA+MLA cream+Betadine - [Wrinkle] Infra eye line (mm): −5.5%, ML fold (mm): −17.5%. NL fold (mm): −11.5%, [Laxity] −9%
Lee (2011)29) 10 TEA - Elasticity: +18%, Hydration: +23%
Cho (2015)26) 107 Anesthetic cream
+Acu (Eyeline: 0.2∼0.3 cm, Cheek: 1∼1.5 cm) +Cooling pack
<EW> OOM, TM
<NF> LSA, LS, ZY major/minor
[Twenty] EW: −11.1%, NF: −3.4%, [Thirty woman] EW: −5.9%, NF: −5.3%, [Thirty man] EW: −1.6%, NF: −2.8%, [Forty] EW: −7.3%, NF: −1%, [Fifty] EW: −5.2%, NF: −3.1%, [Sixty] EW: −7.8%, NF: −2.1%, [Seventy] EW: −10.1%, NF: −9.8%
Kwon (2012)30) 20 MFA SCM, MA, TM, Masseter, GM, Platysma, Horizontal buttress Hydration: +40%, Evaporation: −28%, Melanin: −2.5%
Lee (2010)1) 6 MFA Left crow’s feet, Left infra orbital, Left nasolabial fold Left crow’s feet) WA: −23%, WN: −33%, Left infra orbital) WA: −47%, WN: −37%, Left nasolabial fold) WA: −19%, WN: −39%
Son (2010)20) 4 MFA SCM, MA, TM, FM, OOM, EPM, Masseter, Risorius, GM, Platysma, SGM CF of right eye: WA:−35%, WN: −42%, IOF of right eye: WA: +0%, WN: −17%
Kwon (2009)19) 11 MFA SCM, MA, TM, FM, EPM, OOM ZY, Masseter, RIsorius Crow’s foot, Infra orbital fold) WA: −51%, WD: −30%, Nasolabial fold) WA: −28%, WD: −17%
Kim (2013)28) 30 Laser, RF, EA (LF) Under eyes, Eye rims [Raser group] IOF: −21.5%, CF: −14.5%
[RF] IOF: −32%,CF: −20%
[EA(LF)] IOF: −25%, CF: −29%
Lee (2015)8) 23 GA Ex-HN3, GB1, ST4, LI20, GB3 WA: −42%, WD: −43%, SA: +67%

Outcome values are expressed as a percentage of a decrease or increase after treatment compared to before treatment. Acu : acupuncture, CF : Crow’s foot, DA : Dermatological assessment, EA : Electroacupuncture, EPM : External pterygoid muscle, EW : Eye wrinkle, FM : Frontal muscle, FSR : Fractional skin resurfacing, GA : Ginseng pharmacopuncture, GM : Gastric muscle, SGM : Styloglossus muscle, GSA : Global aesthetic score assessment, IOF : Infra orbital fold, LF : Low frequency, LS : Levator labii superioris, LSA : Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi, MA : Musculiauriculares, MFA : Miso facial acupuncture, ML : Marionette line, MTS : Microneedle therapy system, N : Number of patient, NF : Nasolabial fold, NIMNRF : Non-insulated microneedle radiofrequency, NL : Nasolabia, OOM : Orbicularis oculi muscle, RF : Radiofrequency, SA : Subjective assessment, SCM : Sternocleidomastoid, SE : Skin elasticity, SF : Skin firmness, SH : Skin hydration, SM : Skin melanin, SR : Skin roughness, TEA : Thread embedding acupuncture, TEWL : Transepidermal water loss, TM : Temporal muscle, WA : Wrinkle area, WD : Wrinkle depth, WN : Wrinkle number, ZY : Zygomaticus, - : Not reported, * : (Improved patient /Participated patient)×100 (%), ** : The highest value of all week (2, 4, 8, 16 week).

Korean J Acupunct 2021;38:62-74 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2021.009
© 2021 Korean J Acupunct