Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Basic characters of cold hypersensitivity of hands and feet included case reports

First author (year) Cold hypersensitivity classification Participants (N) Treatment Other treatment Main results Side effect
Wang (1980)7) Hands and feet 50 Acupuncture Herbal medicine Fumigation ∙Temperature rise ∙Skin color turned normal Not reported
Zhang (1988)8) Hands and feet 31 Acupuncture ∙Total efficacy rate: 100% Not reported
Bao (1988)9) Hands and feet 43 Acupuncture Warm needling Moxibustion ∙Total efficacy rate: 97.7% Not reported
Wang (1989)10) Hands and feet 4 Warm needling ∙2 cases cured and 2 cases improved Not reported
Sakaguchi (1995)11) Hands and feet 5 Acupuncture ∙Oketsu score: 71.0→7.0VAS: Improvement was seen in three of five cases Not reported
Xue (1996)12) Hands and feet 57 Pharmacopuncture Acupuncture ∙Total efficacy rate: 55/57 Not reported
Jin (1996)13) Hands and feet 32 Electroacupuncture ∙Total efficacy rate: 31/32 Not reported
Huang (1997)14) Hands and feet 20 Acupuncture Moxibustion ∙Total efficacy rate: 90% Not reported
Wang (1997)15) Hands 1 Acupuncture ∙Skin color turned normal ∙Temperature rise ∙Pain eliminated Not reported
Yang (1997)16) Hands and feet 15 Shaoshanhuo acupuncture Moxibustion ∙Temperature rise
Pan (1998)17) Hands and feet 24 Acupuncture Electroacupuncture Herbal medicine Moxibustion ∙Symptoms improved ∙Improvement for cold water test Not reported
Song (1998)18) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Moxibustion ∙Skin color turned normal ∙Insensitivity eliminated Not reported
Han (1999)19) Hands and feet 42 Parmacopuncture Acupuncture ∙Total efficacy rate: 97.6% Not reported
Tang (2002)20) Hands and feet 35 Warm needling Auricular acupuncture ∙Total efficacy rate: 97% Not reported
Lu (2006)21) Hands and feet 52 Warm needling ∙Total efficacy rate: 92.3% Not reported
Gao (2010)22) Hands 20* Electroacupuncture Herbal medicine ∙Total efficacy rate: 18/20 Not reported
Cho (2011)23) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Herbal medicine, Moxibustion ∙Temperature differences after treatment between LU4-PC8(℃): L2.1→0.9, R2.3→0.4 ST32-LR3(℃): L2.7→−0.5, R2.8→−0.6 Not reported
Ha (2011)24) Hands 1 Acupuncture Herbal medicine Physiotherapy Western medicine ∙Fingertip temperature rise ∙VAS in pain and cold sensation: 10→0 Not reported
Li (2011)25) Hands and feet 152 Acupuncture Cupping ∙Total efficacy rate: 92.8% Not reported
Wang (2011)26) Hands 1 Acupuncture ∙Symptoms eliminated Not reported
Yang (2011)27) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture ∙Skin color turned normal ∙Insensitivity eliminated Not reported
Omole (2012)28) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture ∙NRS: 8→3 ∙IFNγ: 152/141→13/49 ∙IL: 138/133→48/59 ∙TNFα: 59/67→23/28 ∙VEGF: 808/986→580/706 Not reported
Zhao (2012)29) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Moxibustion ∙Skin color turned normal ∙Cold sensation eliminated ∙Temperature rise Not reported
Jiang (2013)30) Hands 1 Acupuncture Burning Acupuncture ∙Pain eliminated ∙Skin color turned red Not reported
Jang (2014)31) Hands 1 Pharmacopuncture Acupuncture Herbal medicine ∙PC8 temperature rise on DITI ∙VAS: 42→24 There was a process of coldness transferring to the upper arms, knees, and toes during treatment.
Gao (2014)32) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Moxibustion ∙Symptoms improved Not reported
Wang (2014)33) Hands 1 Acupuncture Cupping Moxibustion ∙Symptoms improved Not reported
Zhang (2016)34) Hands 1 Acupuncture ∙Pain eliminated ∙Insensitivity eliminated Skin color turned normal Not reported
Kim (2017)35) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Electroacupuncture Herbal medicine Moxibustion ∙SF-MPQ grading scale: 17→10 ∙Temperature difference in Front part: R3.22→2.77, L2.43→2.31 ∙in Rear part: R1.69→1.34, L1.31→1.23 Not reported
Lee (2017)36) Hands and feet 1 Acupuncture Pharmacopuncture Herbal medicine Western medicine ∙CRR: 0.02∼0.38→1.22∼1.37 ∙NRS: 8→2 ∙Fingertip temperature: 29.6→30.4 None
Guan (2019)37) Hands 1 Warm needling Herbal medicine Fumigation ∙Pain eliminated. ∙Temperature rise ∙Skin color turned normal Not reported
Choi (2020)38) Hands 1 Acupuncture Herbal medicine Moxibustion ∙Skin color turned normal ∙Subjective symptoms: 100→30 Not reported

SF-MPQ : Short Form Mcgill Pain Questionnaire, DITI : Digital Infrared Thermographic Imaging, VAS : Visual Analog Scale, NRS : Numeric Rating Scale, IFN : Interferon, IL : Interleukin, TNF : Tumor Necrosis Factor, VEGF : Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, CRR : Cooling Rewarming Ratio.

*Primary Raynaud’s disease : 12, Secondary Raynaud’s : 8.

Korean J Acupunct 2021;38:43-61 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2021.004
© 2021 Korean J Acupunct