Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Table. 7.

Table. 7.

Acupuncture interventionsof treating cold hypersensitivity of hands and feet based on the revised STRICTA guidelines

1) Acupuncture rationale 2) Details of needling 3) Treatment regimen 4) Other components of treatment 5) Practitioner background 6) Control or comparator interventions






1a) Style of acupuncture 1b) Reasoning for treatment provided with references where appropriate 1c) Extent to which treatment was varied 2a) Number of needle insertions per subject per session 2b) Names and location of points used (uni/bilateral) 2c) Depth of insertion 2d) Response sought (e.g., deqi, muscle twitching) 2e) Needle stimulation 2f) Needle retention time 2g) Needle type 3a) Number of treatment sessions 3b) Frequency and duration of treatment sessions 4a) Details of other interventions administered to the acupuncture group 4b) Setting and context of treatment 5) Description of participating acupuncturists 6a) Rationale for the control or comparator 6b) Precise description of the control or comparator
Wang et al. (1980)7) NR TCM IN 1∼3 LI11, PC6, LI4 NR NR NR NR NR NR 1M∼1Y Herbal medicine Fumigation NR NR NA NA
Zhang et al. (1988)8) NR NR IN 1∼6 ST12, EX-UE11, LI13, PC6, SI8, SP6, EX-LE12 NR deqi NR 0∼20 min NR 2 2W NA NR NR NA NA
Bao et al. (1988)9) TCM Historical context IN 4∼6 HT1, TE4, SP6, LI4, LR3, CV4, ST36, Bi zhong HT1, Bi zhong, SP6, LI4, LR3, CV4, ST36: NRTE4: 1 chon deqi HT1, SP6, LI4, LR3, CV4: NRTE4: Warm needlingBi zhong: SupplementationST36: Supplementation and draining, Warm needling 0∼25 min 28 hao 1.5∼2 chon 24∼48 4∼8W Moxibustion (TE4, ST36) NR NR NA NA
Wang et al.(1989)10) NR NR IN 2∼4 EX-UE9, TE5, ST44, Bachong NR deqi Warm needling NR NR 12 12∼36D NA NR NR NA NA
Sakaguchi et al. (1995)11) NR Previous studies ST 6 Xue fu, BL32, BL33, CV4, ST36, SP6 Xue fu: 10∼20 mmBL32, BL33: 30∼40 mmCV4, ST36, SP6: 3 mm NR NR Xue fu, BL32, BL33: 15 minCV4, ST36, SP6: 1W Xue fu, BL32, BL33: 0.20 mm× 50 mmCV4, ST36, SP6: intradermal acupuncture 5 4M NA NR NR NA NA
Xue et al. (1996)12) TCM TCM IN 2∼4 Parmacopuncture (LI11, LI10, TE5, LI4, SP6, GB39, ST36)Acupuncture (TE4, TE3, SP9, KI6, BL23, CV4, LR3) NR deqi NR 30 min NR 10 NR NA NR NR NA NA
Jin et al. (1996)13) TCM TCM IN 6∼12 LI10, LI11, TE5, LI4, EX-UE9, EX-UE11, ST36, SP6, ST41, LR3, EX-LE10, EX-LE12 NR deqi Electroacupuncture 30 min 28 hao 10∼40 1time/D, 10∼49D NA NR NR NA NA
Huang et al. (1997)14) NR NR ST 1∼2 LI5, LI11, PC3, PC7, HT3, CV8, SI6, SI7, ST39, ST36, SP9, SP6, BL58, BL60, KI4, KI9 NR NR Supplementation 40 min NR 10 50D Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Wang et al. (1997)15) NR TCM ST 13 BL17, BL20, BL26, SP10, ST36, SP6, GV20, CV6, CV4, LI4, LR3, LU9, EX-UE9 NR NR NR NR NR 10 NR NA NR NR NA NA
Yang et al. (1997)16) NR NR ST 4 Bi; LI11, TE5, GB34, GB39 NR deqi Shaoshanhuo 40 min 30 hao 3 5∼13D Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Appiah et al. (1997)39) TCM TCM, Textbook ST 6 LU9, ST36, ST40, SI3, BL15, LR3 NR NR NR NR NR 7 23W Moxibustion (Ren12, SI3, Sp1) Informed consent NR NR No treatment
Pan et al. (1998)17) TCM TCM IN 4∼8 LI10, LI11, TE5, LI4, ST36, ST41, SP6, LR3 NR deqi Electroacupuncture 30 min 28 hao at least 15 1time/D Herbal medicine, Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Song et al. (1998)18) TCM TCM ST 5 LI4-SI3, PC6-TE5, LI11-HT3, GB34- SP9, GB39-SP6 NR NR Draining 30 min NR 10 NR Moxibustion (CV12, CV4, ST36, KI1) NR NR NA NA
Han et al. (1999)19) TCM TCM ST 11 Bi; Parmacopuncture (TE3, LI4, TE5, LI11, LI15)Acupuncture (GV20, GB20, GV14, HT1, LI11, LU5, PC6, CV8) NR deqi Parmacopuncture, Twirling NR Parmacopuncture: 6 hao Acupuncture: 2 chon 2∼4 40∼80D NA NR NR NA NA
Tang et al. (2002)20) TCM TCM IN Warm needling: 6∼12Auricular acupuncture: 9 Bi; Warm needling (GV14, CV4, LR3, BL17, GV4, CV4, KI3)Auricular acupuncture (心, 肝, 肺, 脾, 交感, 热穴, 肾, 内分泌, 神经穴) NR deqi Warm needling, Supplementation and draining NR NR Warm needling: 12Auricular acupuncture: 8 Warm needling: 12DAuricular acupuncture: 2times/W, 4W NA NR NR NA NA
Wang et al. (2002)40) TCM TCM IN 5∼11 TE4, EX-UE9, LI4, TE5, LI11, EX- LE10, LR3, ST41, ST36, SP9, SP6 NR deqi Warm needling 30 min 28 hao 1.5 chon 15 15D NA NR NR NR Western medicine (Betaloc tablets)
Wang et al. (2003)41) TCM TCM IN 5∼10 TE4, EX-UE9, LI4, TE5, LI11, EX- LE10, LR3, GB41, ST41, ST36 NR deqi Warm needling 30 min 28 hao 1.5 chon 15 15D NA NR NR NR Western medicine (Metoprolol)
Lee et al. (2006)46) KM Previous studies, Textbook ST 4 Bi; LI4, LI11, KI10, KI2 0.8 cm, 2 cm deqi Supplementation and draining 15 min 0.25×40 mm 1 1W NA NR NR NA NA
Lu et al. (2006)21) TCM TCM IN 5∼10 TE4, EX-UE9, LI4, TE5, LI11, EX- LE10, LR3, GB41, ST41, ST36 NR deqi Warm needling 30 min 28 hao 1.5 chon 15 15D NA NR NR NA NA
Guo et al. (2008)42) TCM TCM ST 3∼7 Bi; LI11, LI10, TE5, LI4, SP6, ST36, SP9, GB39 NR NR Pharmacopuncture NA 5 hao 20 2Y Moxibustion NR NR NR No pharmacopuncture
Gao et al. (2010)22) TCM TCM ST 6 EX-B2 (C5∼C6), LI4, TE5 NR NR Supplementation and draining, Electroacupuncture 40 min 28 hao∼1.5 chon 30∼45 1time/D, 35∼55D Herbal medicine NR NR NA NA
Cho et al. (2011)23) KM KM IN 10 LI4, LR3, SP6, SP9, ST36, CV12, LI11, CV6, TE5, GB39 NR NR NR 20 min 0.25×40 mm NR NR Herbal medicine, Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Ha et al. (2011)24) NR NR ST 12 Bi; GV20, GV24, CV24, LI11, LI10, TE5, LI4, GB34, ST36, GB39, LR3, EX-UE9 NR NR NR NR NR 22 22D Herbal medicine, Physiotherapy, Western medicine NR NR NA NA
Schalgeret al. (2011)47) Previous studies Previous studies ST 3 Auricular acupuncture points 67 (fingers), 68 (hand), and 55 (vegetative main point) 3 mm NR Electroacupuncture (pulse duration of 1 msec and a repetition rate of 1 Hz) 4D 27 gauge, 3 mm length 6 6W NA Informed consent NR NR NR
Li et al. (2011)25) TCM NR ST 8 EX-UE9, TE5, LI11, LI10, SP10, ST36, SP9, SP3 NR deqi Twirling 40 min NR 2∼4 1 time/D, 1∼2 W Cupping NR NR NA NA
Wang et al. (2011)26) TCM TCM ST 13 LI4, EX-UE9, TE4, PC6, LI11, ST36 GB34, LR3, KI3, SP6, GV20, GB20, SP10 NR NR Supplementation and draining 20∼30 min 28 hao 2 2W NA NR NR NA NA
Yang et al. (2011)27) TCM NR ST 15 EX-LE10, EX-UE9, EX-B2 (T1-3, L1-3) NR NR NR NR NR 5 NR NA NR NR NA NA
Shen et al. (2011)43) TCM TCM IN 3∼5 TE5, LI11, LI4, EX-LE10, ST36, LR3 NR deqi Warm needling 30 min 26 hao 5.0∼8.3 cm 16 12M Fumigation NR NR NR Only acupuncture
Omole et al. (2012)28) NR NR ST 1 Bi; LI4 About 0.25 inches deqi Manipulation 5 min 38 gauge×1.0 inch 16 8W NA Informed consent NR NA NA
Zhao et al. (2012)29) TCM TCM ST 9 LI11, TE5, SI16, LU7, LI5, TE3, LI4, EX-UE9 NR deqi Supplementation and draining 30 min NR 7 3M Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Jiang et al. (2013)30) TCM TCM, Previous studies ST 14 Acupuncture (EX-UE9) Burning Acupuncture (EX-B2 (T1∼3, L1∼3)) NR NR Burning acupuncture 20 min Burning Acupuncture: 0.5× 50 mm 2 10D NA NR NR NA NA
Yang et al. (2013)44) TCM TCM, Previous studies ST 19 Bi; EX-B2 (C3-C7, L1-L4) NR NR Electroacupuncture 30 min 28 hao 1∼ 1.5 chon 30 30D Conventional treatment NR NR NR Conventional treatment
Jang et al. (2014)31) KM KM, Context IN 7 Bi; Acupuncture (LR3 SP6 SP9 ST36 CV12 LI11 CV6 etc.)Pharmacopuncture (LI4, LI10) NR NR Pharmacopuncture 20 min 0.25×30 mm Pharmocopuncture: 3∼4times/W Acupuncture: 3times/W 27D Herbal medicine NR NR NA NA
Gao et al. (2014)32) TCM TCM ST 14 LI11, TE3, LI4, EX-UE9, ST36, KI3, LR3, EX-LE10, BL23, BL24, BL25, GV3, GV4, GV5 NR NR Warm needling 30 min 0.30×25 mm, 0.30×30 mm 7 1time/D Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Wang et al. (2014)33) TCM TCM IN 14∼17 1W: GV20, EX-HN3, GB20, PC6, GB34, SP4, CV4, CV6, CV10, CV12, KI13(Lt), Qi pang, KI17(Bi), ST24(Bi)2W: GV20, EX-HN3, LU7(Rt), KI6(Rt), C6(Lt), SP4(Lt), CV4, CV6, CV10, CV12, KI13(Lt), Qi pang, CV9, Shang fengshi dian(Bi) 3W∼8W: +PC8(Bi) NR NR NR NR NR 16 2times/W, 8W Cupping Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Ren et al. (2015)45) TCM TCM IN 2∼7 HT1, TE4, SP6, ST36, LI13, PC6, KI6, GB30, Bi zhong NR deqi Manipulation NR NR 50 65D NA NR NR NR Western treatment
Zhang et al. (2016)34) TCM NR ST 7 GV20, PC6, LI4, LI11, ST36, SP6, BL56 GV20: 0.8 chon PC6, LI4: 1 chon LI11, ST36, SP6, BL56: 1.5 chon deqi Twirling NR 0.30×40 mm 12 3times/W, 4W NA NR NR NA NA
Kim et al. (2017)35) NR NR NR 10 Acupuncture (LI5, TE14, LI4, LI11, HT8, ST36, GB34, ST37, LR3, GB39),Electroacupuncture (ST36-ST37, GB39-LR3) NR NR Electroacupuncture 20 min 0.25×40 mm 14 14D Herbal medicine, Moxibustion NR NR NA NA
Lee et al. (2017)36) KM KM ST Acupuncture: 11Pharmacopuncture: 7 Bi; Acupuncture (HT8, SP2, LR1, SP1, LI11, LI4, LI5, ST36, LR3, GB39, GB34)Pharmacopuncture(ST34, SP10, GV4, GV5, LI11, TE10) NR NR Pharmacopuncture 20 min 0.25×30 mm Acupuncture: 86Pharmacopuncture: 31 Acupuncture: 2times/DDuration: 43D Herbal medicineWestern medicine NR NR NA NA
Guan et al. (2019)37) TCM NR ST 7 Bi; LI3, LI5, LI10, LI11, LI4, CV4, CV8 10∼30 mm deqi Warm needling, Supplementation and draining 30 min 0.25×25 mm, 0.25×40 mm 6 3times/W, 2W Herbal medicineFumigation NR NR NA NA
Choi et al. (2020)38) KM NR ST 13 GV20, Bi; EX-HN5Lt.; HT8, ST43, GB41, KI10Rt.; PC6, LU9, SI5, LR8, ST36, SP6, LR3 5∼10 mm NR NR 15 min 0.25×30 mm 25 2times/W Herbal medicineMoxibustion NR NR NA NA

bi : Bilateral, D : Day, IN : Individualized, Lt : Left, M : Month, NA : Not applicable, NR : Not reported, Rt : Right, ST : Standard, STRICTA : Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture, TCM : Traditional Chinese Medicine, Y : Year

Korean J Acupunct 2021;38:43-61 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2021.004
© 2021 Korean J Acupunct