Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Acupuncture Interventions of the Included Animal Experiments Based on the Revised STRICTA Guideline

Author (year)1. Acupuncture rationale2. Details of needling3. Treatment regimen4. Other com- tx5. Pract-bg6. Control interventions7. Anesthesia8. Posture fixation9. AE10. Score (%)




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Animal experiments written in English
 Du 197636)NRPrevINVariousUni; GB34, 31, LI11, TE5NRNREANRNRNRNRNoNRNoNoEtherImmobilized (flaxedil)NR10 (52.63)
 Guoxi 199137)NRTCMSTNRST36NRNREANRNRNRNRNoNRNoNoChloraloseNRNR8 (42.11)
 Shu 199438)NRPrevST4Bi; ST36, SP6NRNREANRNRNRNRNoNRNoNoNoNRNR9 (47.37)
 Kwon 200139)NRConsensusST1CV12SCNRBVNANR1*NRNoNRNRN-APNoCylinderNR12 (66.67)
 Rong 200540)NRHistoryST1Uni; ST36NRNRMA30sNR1*NRNoNRNoNoNoNRNR11 (57.89)
 Iwa 200541)NRPrevSTNRST36, Bl2110 mmMuscle twitchEA30 min0.25×40 mm, Seirin1*NRNoNRNRControl acupointNoNRNR12 (63.15)
 Cui 200542)TCMPrevST8Bi; ST36, 375 mmNREA30 min0.25 mm7Every other dayNoNRNRN-ESYes (anesthetic NR)NRNR14 (73.68)
 Tian 200643)TCMPrevST8Bi; ST36, 375 mmNREA30 min0.25 mm1*NRNoNRNoNoNoLucite cubicleNR15 (78.95)
 Liu 200944)NRPrevST8Bi; ST25, 375 mmNREA20 min0.25 mm7Once a day, 7 daysNoNRNoNoNoFixedNR15 (78.95)
 Zhang 200945)NRPrevNR1Uni; ST36NRNREA320 sNR1*NRNoNRNRN-APPentobarbital sodiumNRNR9 (47.37)
 Xu 200946)NRPrevST4Bi; ST365 mmMuscle twitchEA40 minNR1/5NRNoNRNRN-ESNoNRNR12 (63.16)
 Wu 201047)NRPrevST4Bi; ST367 mmMuscle twitchEA20 min32 gauge, 25 mm3Once per day, 3 daysNoNRNRN-ESNoChamberNR15 (78.95)
 Lorenzini 201048)NRNRST4Bi; ST36, TE5NANRLaser20/35 sNANREvery 3 daysNoNRNoNoNRNRNR10 (58.82)
 Xu 201049)NRPrevST4*Bi; L3-L6 EX-B2NRWhisker shake, not scrambleEA20 minNRNRNRNoNRNoNoNoBagNR12 (63.16)
 Liu 201150)NRHistory, PrevST2Bi; ST2 or GB14 or ST65 mmTissue twichesEA20 min0.28 mm1*NRNoNRNRN-ESNoBoxNR14 (73.68)
 Qi 2012a51)NRPrevST8Bi; ST36, 375 mmShake in hind limbEA30 min0.25 mm4Every other day, 8 daysNoNRNRN-ESNoNRNR14 (73.68)
 Qi 2012b52)NRPrevST8Bi; ST36, 375 mmShake in hind limbsEA30 min0.25 mm4Every other dayNoNRNRN-ESNoBoxNR15 (78.95)
 Zhou 201253)NRPrevST2Bi; ST365 mmMuscle twitchEA30 minHook shaped1*NRNoNRInvolvementN-ESNoNRNR14 (73.68)
 Liu 201454)NRPrevST2Uni; ST36 or PC6 or auricular heart point4∼5 mmNREA30 s0.25×13 mm1*NRNoNRNoNourethaneStereotaxic frameNR14 (73.68)
 Yu 201455)NRPrevST4Uni; ST36, 37NRNREA30 sNR1*NRNoNRNoNourethaneNRNR11 (57.89)
 Li 201456)Auricular EAHistorical evidenceSTNRAuricular stomach, intestine1∼2 mmNREA30 minNR1*NRNoNRNo vagal innervationN-APNoNRNR12 (63.16)
 Liu 201557)NRHistory, PrevST4Bi; ST375 mmNREA20 min25×13 mm7Once daily, 7 daysNoNRNRN-ESNoNRNR13 (68.42)
 Weng 201558)NRHistory, PrevST8Bi; ST25, 375 mmNREA20 minNR7Once daily, 7 daysNoNRNoNoNoNRNR13 (68.42)
 Rong 201559)NRPrevST4*Bi; ST36, 37NRNREA30 sNR2NRNoNRNoNoNoNRNR11 (57.89)
 Qi 201660)NRPrevST4Bi; ST36, 374 mmNREA10 m25 mm1*NRNoNRNRN-ESpentobarbitalBoxNR13 (68.42)
 Liu 201761)NRPrevST4Bil ST36, 375 mmNREA30 min25 mm4Every other day, 7 daysNoNRNRN-ESNoNRNR13 (68.42)
 Zhou 201762)NRPrevST4Bi; ST36NRNREA30/90 minNR1*NRNoNRNRN-ESNoRestrainerNR11 (57.89)
 Wan 20178)NRPrevST4Bi; ST3620∼30 mmNREA30 min0.4×50 mm6Every 3 daysNoSkilled acupuncturistNRN-ESNoRestrainedNR15 (78.95)
 Qi 201863)NRNRSTNRST36, ST375 mmNREA30 min25 mm1*NRNoNRNoNopentobarbitalBoxNR12 (63.16)
 Zhu 201864)NRNRSTNRST25, CV122/5 mmNREA30 min0.32×25 mm6Once a day, 6 daysNoNRNRN-APNRFixed on a boardNR11 (57.89)
Animal experiments written in Chinese
 Zhang 198965)NRNRNR2*PC6NRNREA3∼5 minNR1*NRSplanchnic nerve stimulationNRNoNoGallamine triethiodide*NRNR9 (47.37)
 Sun 199166)NRNRNR4Bi, ST36NRNREA15 minNR1*NRVariousNRNoNoGallamine triethiodide*Holding instrumentNR10 (52.63)
 Gong 199267)NRNRNR4CV24, GV26NRNREA20 minNR1*NRVariousNRNRN-ESNRRackNR9 (47.37)
 Cai 199468)NRNRNR12Bi; T12-L2 EX-B2NRNREA30 minNR1*NRVariousNRNoNoNRNRNR8 (42.11)
 Rong 200569)NRNRNR1Uni; ST36NRNRMA30 sNR1*NRCol-DisNRNoNoNRNRNR9 (47.37)
 Yu 2008a70)NRNRNR3Bi; CV12, ST365∼7 mmNRMA30 min0.4×0.13 mm1*NRAA injectionNRNoNoNRBagNR12 (63.15)
 Yu 2008b71)NRNRNR3Bi; CV12, ST365∼7 mmNRMA30 min0.4×0.13 mm1*NRAA injectionNRNoNoNRBagNR12 (63.15)
 Lin 200972)NRNRNR4Bi; ST367 mmNREA30 minNR71/day, 7 daysGastric distentionNRNoNoNRNRNR11 (57.89)
 Chen 201073)NRNRNR2 or 4*ST36 or PC6 or LR33∼6 mmNREA15 minNR1*NRCol-DisNRNRN-APUrethane, Chloralose*NRNR10 (52.63)
 Liu 201074)NRPrevNR4Bi; ST2NRNREA20 minNR1*NRAA injectionNRNRinfraorbital nerve transection´╝őEANRNRNR9 (47.37)
 Yang 201075)NRNRNR2Bi; ST36NANRLaser30 minNA1*NRVisceral tractionNRNoNoNRNRNR9 (52.94)
 Yu 201455)NRNRNR2Uni; ST36NRNREANRNR2NRCol-DisNRNoNoNRNRNR8 (42.11)
 Li 201676)NRNRNR4Bi; ST355 mmNREANR0.25×25 mm101/day, 10 daysCol-DisNRNoNoNRNRNR11 (57.89)
 Tan 201777)NRPrevNR8Bi; ST35, GV295 mmLimb vibrationEANR0.3×13 mm, Suzhouglobal5Once every other dayAA injectionNRNoNoNRSoft cloth coverNR14 (73.68)

: assumed by authors;

: only acupuncture-related control interventions;

: number of reported items (STRICTA item ‘4b) Setting and context of treatment’ is excluded and ‘7. anesthesia’ and ‘8. posture fixation’ are added for animal studies).

AA : acetic acid, AE : adverse event, bi : bilateral, BV : bee venom, com-tx : components of treatment, Col-Dis : Colorectal distention, EA : electroacupuncture, IN : individualized, MA : manual acupuncture, min : minutes, NA : not applicable, N-AP : Non-acupoint, N-ES : No electrical stimuli, NR : not reported, s : seconds, Pract-bg : Practitioner background, Prev : Previous studies, SC : subcutaneous injection, ST : standardized, STRICTA : Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture, TCM : traditional Chinese medicine, TENS : transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, uni : unilateral.

Korean J Acupunct 2019;36:19-35 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2019.003
© 2019 Korean J Acupunct