Korean Journal of Acupuncture

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Summary Characteristics of Included RCTs

Author, year  Sample size (T1/C2)  Treatment intervention  Control intervention  Results
Cao 200916)62 (30/32)1) Electroacupuncture (three times a week for 10 weeks) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Bed rest/support a fractured site with a pillow/ Diclofenac 70 mg once daily, total 5 weeks/ back muscle exercise) For 10 weeks1) Pain (VAS3) [4 weeks] 2) Dysfunction (ODI5) [10 weeks] 3) Overall improvement [10 weeks] 4) Schober test [10 weeks]
Chen 201422)52 (26/26)1) Manual acupuncture (only one treatment) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Calcitonin 50 IU, muscle injection) Daily for a week, once every two days for a week and once a week for two weeks, total 4 weeks.1) Pain (VAS) [4 weeks] 2) Number of patients experiencing pain relief [4 weeks]
Hwang 201117)60 (30/30)Manual acupuncture (for seven days)Herb (CannabisLinne, seed). bThree times a day, for 7 days.1) Stool frequency [1 week] 2) Stool consistency (Bristol Stool Scale) [1 week] 3) Straining on defecation (VAS) 4) Time to defecate [1 week] 5) Overall assessment [1 week]
Hwang 201320)135 (69/66)Manual acupuncture (only one treatment)Analgesics (Tramadol 100 μg muscle injection). Only one treatment1) Pain (VAS) [after 1 treatment] 2) Time to decrease by VAS 3 points [after 1 treatment]
Jiang 201421)45 (23/22)1) Manual acupuncture 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Zoledronic acid 5 mg IV injection /Calcium 100 mg/Vitamin D3 500 μg)1) Pain (VAS) [1 mo6, 1 year] 2) Dysfunction (ODI) [1 mo, 1 year] 3) Bone mineral density [1 mo, 1 year] 4) medication use [1 mo, 1 year]
Jin 201218)79 (37/42)1) Manual acupuncture 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (bed rest/ support a fractured site with a pillow/ exercise)Overall assessment [3 weeks]
Schiller 201625)53 (29/24)Manual acupuncture (twice a week for 5 weeks)Sham acupuncture (same types and number of needles but at points located at least 5 cm away from acupuncture points). Twice a week for 5 weeks.1) Pain (VAS) [1 mo, 3 mo] 2) Quality of life (QUALEFFO-417) [1 mo, 3 mo] 3) Adverse events
Wang 201626)85 (43/42)1) Embedding acupuncture (needle retained for 3 days and then replaced by new ones, totally for 6 days) 2) Routine care (same as control)1) Herb (Da Huang: Radix et Rhizoma Rhei 3 g) mixed paste applied to acupoint for 4 hours. Daily for 6 days. 2) Routine care (protection during defecation/emotional care/in-bed defection training/defecation schedule set up/self-abdominal massage/diet care)1) Overall assessment [1 week] 2) Stool frequency [1 week] 3) Stool consistency [1 week] 4) Adverse events [1 week]
Wang 201727)56 (28/28)1) Warm-acupuncture (once every two days for 3 months) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Herbal medicine extract, twice a day/Miacalcic 50 IU muscle injection, daily) For 3 months1) Osteoporotic symptom score [3 mo] 2) Bone mineral density (BMD) [3 mo] 3) IL-68 [3 mo] 4) BGP9 [3 mo] 5) Overall assessment [3 mo]
Wang 2017a28)56 (28/28)1) Needle-knife 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (calcium, once a day/Alfacalcidol 0.5 U for a day/ Miacalcic 50 IU for a day/ Tramadol twice a day/herbal medicine extract, twice a day/electrotherapy, twice for a day)1) Pain (VAS) [NR] 2) Dysfunction (lumbar dysfunction score) [NR]
Zeng 201524)62 (32/30)1) Pharmaco-acupuncture (Sinomenium acutum, Rehder and E.H.Wilson+Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, 12 ml, once every two days for 10 days) 2) Routine care (same as control)1) Injection (Prednisolone+lidocaine 12 ml, once every two days for 10 days) 2) Routine care (Sulfasalazine 1.0 g, twice a day/Diclofenac 25∼34 mg, three times a day/ bed rest)Overall assessment [10 days]
Zhang 201319)48 (23/25)1) Manual acupuncture (details were not reported) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Miacalcic 40∼80 μg per day/Calcium 2g, three times a day)1) Pain (VAS) [1 mo] 2) Bone mineral density [1 mo] 3) Overall assessment [1 mo]
Zhang 201523)45 (15/15/15)[Group 1] 1) Manual (Abdominal) acupuncture (abdominal acupoints. Six times a week for 3 weeks) 2) Routine care (same as control) [Group 2] 1) Manual (bodily) acupuncture (trunk and leg points. Six times a week for 3 weeks) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (Ossotide 50 mg, IV injection, once a day/Caltrate 1200 mg, once a day/Alfacalcidol 0.25 μg, once a day/Miacalcic 50 IU, muscle injection, 3∼7 times a week. For 3 weeks)1) Pain (VAS) [3 weeks] 2) Dysfunction (Barthel Index) [3 weeks] 3) Adverse events
Zhou 200015)71 (34/37)1) Manual acupuncture (once a day until defecation) 2) Routine care (same as control)Routine care (bed rest/diet/If abdominal pain is severe, Anisodamine 10 mg intramuscular injection)1) Number of abdominal pain [NR] 2) Time taken to first bowel movement [NR]

T : treatment group, C : control group, VAS : visual analog scale, ODI : Oswestry disability index, Mo : month, QUALEFFO-41 : quality of life questionnaire of the European foundation for osteoporosis-41, IL-6 : iterleukin-6, BGP : bone gammacarboxyglutamate protein.

Korean J Acupunct 2019;36:1-18 https://doi.org/10.14406/acu.2019.036
© 2019 Korean J Acupunct